FDA releases final rule on acceptance of data from clinical investigations for medical devices

The FDA updates the standards for accepting clinical data from clinical investigations conducted both inside and outside the United States

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has today issued the final rule on “human subject protection; acceptance of data from clinical investigations for medical devices”.

The rule updates the FDA’s standards for accepting clinical data from clinical investigations conducted both inside and outside the United States to help ensure the protection of human participants, and to help ensure the quality and integrity of data obtained from these clinical investigations.

The final rule amends FDA regulations on acceptance of data from clinical investigations conducted outside the United States to reflect the increasing globalisation of clinical trials and the evolution of clinical trial standards for protecting human subjects.

The new rule requires that sponsors and applicants provide statements and information about how the investigations conform with good clinical practices. This applies to clinical data submitted to support investigational device exemptions, premarket notifications, requests for De Novo classification, premarket approvals, product development protocols, and humanitarian device exemptions.

The FDA believes that the requirements set out in the final rule provide flexibility for medical device sponsors conducting multinational clinical trials by allowing them to describe the standard for good clinical practice they followed.

The final rule also amends the investigational device exemptions, premarket notifications and humanitarian device exemptions regulations for FDA acceptance of data from clinical investigations conducted within the United States to require a statement regarding compliance with FDA regulations for human subject protection, institutional review boards, and investigational device exemptions. This change is intended to provide consistency across different submission or application types.

The FDA also published the guidance document “Acceptance of Clinical Data to Support Medical Device Applications and Submissions Frequently Asked Questions” on the same date. The guidance document is in question and answer format, and provides clarifications and recommendations to help stakeholders ensure that studies conducted in the US or foreign countries comply with the new rule and revised regulations.

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